Melon is a big fruit of a plant with a creeping stem belonging to cucurbitaceae family. It is also consumed when it is immature and it is called Unripe Melon. Its creeping stem can grow meters. It is a yearly herbaceous plant. Its fruit is rinded, its inside is fleshy, juicy and polynuclear. Its origin is Turkey. It is cultivated in mild and hot climates.
Turkey is ranked second after China in melon production. Melon production in Turkey is mostly done in fields and low tunnels. Harvest time for tunnel cultivation is the end of june. Harvest time for field cultivation on the other hand is spring months.
Melons cultivated in Turkey are divided into those which are cultivated in summer and those cultivated in winter. Best known cultivars:
Hasanbey: Its fruits are medium in size and round, some of its stalks are a little bit pointed. Its rind colour is yellow and flesh colour is white. It is sweet and juicy. It is cultivated in winter months.
Kırkağac(Altınbas): Fruits are oval and long. It got the name of the place that is cultivated. It is the cultivar which is consumed the most in the world. It is a cultivar of melon that has a nice smell when it is ripe.
Topatan: It is slim and yellow rinded. It is frail. Its rind is green in the beginning but when it is ripe, it becomes yellow.
Sarı Dilimli: Its fruits are oval and round. Colour of its rind is yellow.
Çitili Melon: It is one of the most important melons that are cultivated in summer. Its fruits are big and round. Colour of its rind is yellow. As the thickness of its rind is thin, it is not resilient for transportation.
Mollakoy Melon: Long and oval shaped fruits’ rind colour is yellow. It has a thin rind.
Honeydaw: It is oval shaped. Colour of its rind is yellow at first. As it ripens it becomes creamy and yellow coloured.
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